Positive Behaviour Management Strategies
Australian parents are struggling with the daily stress of trying to manage their children’s behaviour, according to new findings from The Royal Children’s Hospital National Child Health Poll.The latest RCH Poll has shown that guilt and stress levels are high among parents who are trying to get the best behaviour from their children yet unsure of where to go for help.The poll of 2044 Australian parents caring for 3545 children aged one year to 18 or younger found:
- The vast majority of parents use positive strategies to promote good behaviour in their children, such as attention, praise and reward
- One in four parents report they feel stressed every day by their child’s behaviour
- A significant proportion of Australian children have been physically disciplined in the past month, according to parent report, with 4 per cent being physically disciplined ‘quite a lot or most of the time’, 13 per cent ‘some of the time’ and a further 24 per cent ‘rarely’
- Almost half of parents said they become impatient too quickly, while one in three said they often lost their temper and later felt guilty
- One third said they often feel overwhelmed by managing their child’s behaviour
- And almost half of parents are not confident that they would know where to go for help if they had difficulty managing their child’s behaviour
How Can Practitioners Support Families To Use Effective Behaviour Management Strategies
Where possible, practitioners working with families can:
- Ask parents if they need more support to manage their childs behaviour.
- Be curious with parents about the behaviour management strategies that they use with their children.
- Steer parents away from using physical punishment as a behaviour management strategy and encourage parents to use the components described in Table 1.
- Talk to families about which behaviour management strategies may work best for their child and family.
- Share resources that provide practical advice for parents on effective behaviour management strategies, such as the Raising Children Network. Refer parents who need more support to evidence-based parenting programs. A list of evidence-based programs can be found in AIFS Evidence and Evaluation Support guidebook.
- Encourage service providers, and each other, to run and evaluate evidence-based parenting programs. Guidance on implementing and evaluating programs can be found in AIFS Program Planning and Evaluation guide.
What Is Normal Behavior In Kids
There is no yardstick for normal behavior. Instead, it depends on a childs age, personality, emotional development, and upbringing environment .
In general, a childs behavior is deemed to be normal if it is socially, developmentally, and culturally appropriate. You can consider a childs behavior normal even if it does not meet societal or cultural expectations, but is otherwise age-appropriate and not harmful.
How do you differentiate a misbehaving child from a normal one?
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Teach Children How To Correct Their Misbehaviour
If a child throws food onto the floor give them a broom and show them how to clean it up. If a they draw on the wall, give them a wet cloth to clean the wall. Even if the they cannot successfully clean up the entire mess alone, participating in clean-up teaches them that their actions have consequences. Over time, experiencing consequences helps children learn self-control.Educating parents about the wide range of strategies that are available to positively guide behaviour in young children may work as a circuit breaker and help to reduce stress levels in the home environment.This approach is backed by RCH Poll Director Dr Anthea Rhodes: “Children’s brains are wired for attention. The best type of attention to give a child is a positive response to desired behaviour as it encourages them to behave that way,” she said.
A Behavior Management System For Little Learners
For some of your students, this may be the first time in a classroom. This can be exciting and overwhelming at the same time. We need to teach them what to do and what the age-appropriate expectations are in a classroom. Green and Red Choices is the perfect behavior management tool for early childhood.
Green and Red Choices are clear, consistent behavior expectations paired with visual supports stated in a positive way. Green choices are the choices we want students to make, like gentle hands, using materials safely, and using walking feet! Green represents go, keep making green choices. Red represents stop, stop making a red choice. Green and red choices focus on the choice rather than the child. If a child makes a red choice, they can fix it and make it a green choice.
I have large green and red choice boards in my circle area. The small chart is easy to take anywhere with me in the classroom . You can read all about implementing and using Green and Red Choices in your classroom HERE on my blog or watch .
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Classroom Management Tips And Tricks For Early Childhood
Lets chat about the hardest thing in the classroom. Classroom management. Implementing a behavior management system that has a day-to-day structure and addresses challenging student behaviors is imperative for success. Creating a caring classroom environment with visual supports, classroom routines, intentionally teaching social skills, and effective planning are critical to effective classroom management. Then the learning can occur.
Here is a FREE handout with my top classroom management tips with tons of resources linked if you would like to learn more or grab a printable. Click Below to download the FREE Classroom Management Handout.
Grab the FREEBIE by entering your email in the box at the bottom of this post. This post contains affiliate links which means I earn a tiny commission when you use my links at no cost to you.
Early Childhood Behavior Management Strategies
As every parent and early childhood educator knows, kids arent born well-behaved! They need supportive, understanding adult guidance and teaching to help them learn to model good behavior and avoid bad behavior.
Childhood behavior management means teaching the children in your care the values and habits theyll need to work effectively in a classroom, get along with others and achieve their goals as they grow. When this is done effectively, it can be one of the most rewarding aspects of your child care career.
From here, lets take a look at the importance of a good childhood behavior management strategy, and 10 effective tips from Procares child care experts to manage childhood behavior in your preschool or daycare.
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Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Does my child have a behavior disorder?
- Does my child have attention deficit disorder ?
- Does my child have an autism spectrum disorder?
- Could my child grow out of his or her bad behavior?
- What should I do if Im afraid my child could physically hurt someone?
- What should I do if Im afraid my child may hurt himself or herself?
- Would medicine help control my childs behavior?
Reinforce Positive Behavior For Classroom Management
Reinforcing positive behavior is effective at any age, but more so during early childhood than any other. When a student or group of students behave appropriately, a teacher should provide specific feedback and show appreciation. Encouraging children when they meet expectations leads to more of the behavior you want to see.
Tips: Provide specific praise and acknowledgement. When a teacher says, “Good job” it doesn’t promote self-confidence and leads to children seeking more praise. Instead, focus on teaching self-motivation. Use phrases like, “I appreciate how helpful you were during clean up time,” and “You listened very well during circle time.”
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Pursue Interactions That Go Up Down Then Up Again
When teachers are about to reprimand or punish a child, teachers can bring them up first by saying something like, “Lately you’ve done so well. I’ve been so impressed with your behavior. Why, today, did you need to be involved with a hands-on?” This is a way for teachers to deal with the issue head-on.
Then, teachers can end on a note like, “I know it won’t happen again because you’ve been so good up until this moment. I have great faith in you.” Teachers may use different approaches but should always remember to bring them up, take them down, and bring them up again.
Abcs Of Behavior Management At Home
To understand and respond effectively to problematic behavior, you have to think about what came before it, as well as what comes after it. There are three important aspects to any given behavior:
- Antecedents: Preceding factors that make a behavior more or less likely to occur. Another, more familiar term for this is triggers. Learning and anticipating antecedents is an extremely helpful tool in preventing misbehavior.
- Behaviors: The specific actions you are trying to encourage or discourage.
- Consequences: The results that naturally or logically follow a behavior. Consequences positive or negative affect the likelihood of a behavior recurring. And the more immediate the consequence, the more powerful it is.
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Strategies For Dealing With Bad Behavior In Early Childhood Education
Strategy #6: Stay in Control with Rational Detachment
As the adult in the classroom, its up to you to make sure that you maintain control by not getting angry, defensive or otherwise emotional when bad behavior happens. Projecting these emotions creates shame, blame and guilt, which can cause children to withdraw or continue their bad behavior.
Instead, focus on maintaining understanding and compassion while still reinforcing age-appropriate consequences. Your guidance and good faith will help kids stay confident that they are validated and supported, which leads to better outcomes in the long run.
Strategy #7: Observe and Document Bad Behavior to Understand the Cause
To know how to best address behavioral issues in children, its important to record it when it happens. Whether unexpected behavior is a one-off or a recurring issue, taking the time to document it while your memories are still fresh will help you know why it happened and what are the appropriate next steps.
Consider what situation led to the behavior, whether it could have been prevented, and what can be done to most effectively address the behavior given its origin. And with child care app, you can have the tools you need at your fingertips to make behavior reports and track progress over time, so you can identify patterns and make sure youre meeting each childs individual needs.
Strategy #8: Discourage Mild Misbehavior with Active Ignoring
Strategy #9: Establish and Enforce Effective Consequences
Challenging Preschool Behavior Coping Strategies For You
Before we can “guide”, “manage”, “discipline” or “modify” behavior, we need really need two things:
1. Be Knowledgeable
We need to be knowledgeable in appropriate expectations for the ages that we serve and, therefore, knowing what might trigger negative behaviors in our group.
Knowing about sound preschool growth and development is the only way we can have appropriate expectations. If you have never taken a formal class in this, I strongly urge you to do so–immediately.
Without this knowledge, you may be planning your curriculum with activities that are beyond your students’ abilities causing frustration for them, and therefore- behavior issues.
You won’t know if your activities are appropriate or not if you are not trained in this very important area of growth and development.
Check out your local college for classes or check with your Director or Administrator to develop a plan to gain this training.
2. We need to be aware of OUR OWN TRIGGERS!
Yes, how we think about certain behaviors determines how we react. Our reactions determine how well, or how poorly, the situation is handled.
We need to remember this quote from L. R. Knowst:
“When little people are overwhelmed by big emotions,it’s our job to share our calm, not to join their chaos.”
I know! I know! This is not what comes to mind when a storm’s a brewin’ in the preschool classroom!
However, it is in the midst of that storm that we need MOST to remember that quote!
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What Can I Do To Change My Childs Behavior
Children tend to continue a behavior when it is rewarded and stop when it is ignored. Being consistent is important because rewarding and punishing the same behavior at different times confuses your child. When you think your childs behavior might be a problem, you have 3 choices:
- Attempt to stop the behavior, either by ignoring it or by punishing it.
- Introduce a new behavior that you prefer and reinforce it by rewarding your child.
What Is Preschool Behavior Management
Preschool behavior management uses strategies to support children in learning, increase prosocial behaviors, and reduce challenging behaviors.
Behavior management for preschoolers is vital as it helps set expectations, forms the foundation for social-emotional learning, creates a conducive learning classroom environment, provides strategies families can use at home, and promotes positive behavior.
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Create Integrated Learning Environments
A developmentally appropriate environment for a toddler or preschooler takes a holistic approach, says Elizabeth Malson, president of the Amslee Institute. Malson says dedicating spaces to auditory, visual and social/emotional development areas will help toddlers make connections between their experiences and the world around them.
Focus on creating a space that is conducive to a childs visual, auditory and emotional development, Malson says. When children grow, they need support in all of these areas. Appealing to the toddlers sense of curiosity is a great approach, Malson says.
Integrated learning environments have individual learning centers or stations which allow children to safely explore and play, Malson explains. At this age, its important to keep learning centers simple so children are not overwhelmed. For example, toddlers can enjoy a literacy corner with a comfy chair and a few books.
Sand and water tables are popular as well as a block or building center, Malson says. Daily exercise and outdoor play is important and visiting a park is a type of learning center as well. Toddlers also enjoy dress up and craft stations.
Behavior Management During Transition Times
Plan for transitional times like this during your day. Getting ready to go out is the same. Many teachers have the children line up as soon as their coats are on. They then need to wait for the children who need help. This is a recipe for behavioral line problems.
First, don’t have preschool children line up and then wait!!!
I understand you want them “in a line”, however, being in a line is quite an abstract thought. Most don’t know what it even means to be in a line. Why not just have them gather at a certain place and have a set activity for them while they wait for others. Some ideas might be a bucket of LEGO, or discovery bottles or even books! Once all the children are ready, the materials are put away and the children meet at the door to go outside.
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Teach And Support Problem Solving
Solving problems is HARD, especially when you have big feelings. To support my little friends, I teach problem-solving strategies they can use when they encounter a problem. I introduce the problem-solving techniques at class meetings during the second month of school.
Each week I introduce four new problem-solving techniques and end up with nine to twelve techniques total based on what my students need that year. I explain the technique in concrete terms, show the visual, and give short statements students can use to help them understand what the technique is and what it can look/sound like. We also act out problem-solving techniques with puppets.
In the classroom, try to make EVERYTHING a problem to solve, then model, talk through your thinking out loud, and use visuals to support students as they try to solve their problems. For example, I may put out a big ball of playdough in the center of the table for table time, and students have to figure out a way to divide the playdough. It only takes a few extra minutes to sneak in problem-solving opportunities, but slowly students become more and more independent problem solvers.
Children That Are Aggressive
Children who are aggressive towards their peers need to understand that it is your job to keep everyone in the classroom safe. They need to know that you will not let them hurt anyone including themselves, their peers, or you. Sometimes just redirecting an angry child is enough, but you need to have a plan for when it is not.
Children who are aggressive in the classroom are often connection seeking. Stay calm, but firm, and help them navigate their emotions without engaging in power struggles. If you can, work with the child one-on-one when they get into an aggressive state. This will ensure that everyone is safe and will also give the child the connection that they crave.
When the child is calm is the best time for teaching calming strategies. The child should practice these skills daily, so that when they really need to use them it will be easier to put them into action. The goal is for these calming strategies to eventually become second nature. There also needs to be ways for the child to use their aggressive energy in safe ways available at all times. Also, be sure to praise the child when you observe them being kind to others.
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Teach Empathy And Other Social Skills
Just like all other school subjects, you must teach social skills. Use circle time to share mini-lessons on positive behaviors like being a good friend, sharing toys, etc. Read books that address empathy and that focus on recognizing and managing feelings.
Use puppets or children volunteers to model treating others with kindness and respect. Children start to develop the ability to empathize around two years old, so encourage interactions that consider classmates feelings. Building strong bonds with and among your children will promote positive classroom culture.